A Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) occurs when bacteria invade any part of the human urinary tract such as bladder, kidney, urethra, ureters, etc. Chances of UTI are higher in women because they have comparatively shorter urethras that make them more prone to get attacked by the bacteria. While it is not regarded as a life-threatening disease, UTI certainly influences the quality of life of an individual. Before jumping to the Urinary tract infection treatment, let’s explore its causes and symptoms that will help you identify it at an early stage.
Cause and Types of Urinary Tract Infection
UTI occurs when the bacteria enter through the urethra in the urinary tract and begins to develop in the bladder. While the urinary system is specially designed to combat such bacteria, at times it fails to do so and that’s when the bacteria grow into creating a full-blown infection in the urinary tract.
Commonly, the infection affects urethra and bladder with two primary types of urinary tract infections:-
Cystitis: This infection is typically the result of Escherichia coli which is a type of bacteria primarily found in the gastrointestinal tract. Sexual intercourse can also transmit Cystitis but surprisingly you don’t have to be sexually active to be infected by it. There is always a risk of Cystitis developing in a woman’s anatomy.
Urethritis: This infection occurs when the bacteria have reached the urethra from the anus. And as the female urethra is close to the vagina, urethritis can also be the result of sexually transmitted diseases us as gonorrhea, mycoplasma, herpes, chlamydia, etc.
Symptoms of UTI
Keep an eye out for these symptoms to identify UTI timely –
Frequent urge to urinate even though you are only able to pass a little urine each time.
Burning sensation during urination.
Dark, cloudy and sometimes bloody urine with a strange smell.
Fever or chills
Often bouts of tiredness
Urinary Tract Treatment
An adult who experiences the key symptoms of UTI should seek medical help for UTI treatment within 24 hours. Generally UTI infections can be treated by your regular care doctor; however, if there is a need for regular treatment, then you might require a urology treatment with a specialist.
The most common UTI treatment for both simple and complex infections in antibiotics; however its the type that varies depending on the complexity. Some of the commonly used antibiotics are:
In a healthy person, a three-day course of antibiotics is considered sufficient to treat the infection. In some cases, the urologist or the medical care provider also recommends a seven-day course as well. Depending on the intensity of the infection and your general health, the doctor will prescribe the course. In case of male adults, if the infection has spread to the prostate, minimum four weeks of antibiotics may be required to treat UTI. As for the female adult who is suffering from the prior urinary tract or kidney disease, at least a seven-day course is recommended by the doctor.
If you don’t seek for UTI treatment on time, the infection may spread to your urinary system and might affect the health of your kidney resulting in the need for urology surgery. Therefore it is imperative that you keep a close eye on the symptoms and take proper care and precautions to avoid the chances of infection.
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