Oncology

 

Oncology

 

Cancer is a medical term which refers to a large number of diseases generated by the evolvement of abnormal cells in the body. Such infected cells grow and multiply uncontrollably and have the capability to penetrate and damage the entire body by spreading across with help of lymph system and blood.

Types of Cancer

Today there are more than 100 forms of cancer that are prevailing and are being named after their respective cell or organ from where they develop. Depending on the affected area, cancer can be categorized into five major groups:-

Carcinoma: A category of cancer that originates in skin or tissue that conceals the internal organs and covers the body cavities such as the chest or abdominal. Carcinoma is further divided into four subtypes; adenocarcinoma, basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and transitional cell carcinoma.

Sarcoma: It only targets the connective or supportive tissue in the body; this form of cancer finds its roots in blood vessels, fat, cartilage or muscles.

Leukemia: A cancer variant that develops in blood-forming tissues, usually the bone marrow. It multiplies the growth of abnormal cells that blends into the blood and weakens the immune system.

Lymphoma and Myeloma: Both directly affect the immune system; Lymphoma generates in the lymphatic system whereas Myeloma attacks the white blood cells.

Brain and Spinal Cord Tumour: As the name suggests, this form of cancer influences the central nervous system of the body. Some of the brain and spinal tumors are non-cancerous and exhibit slow growth, whereas some of them are cancerous and can be threatening to life.

Stages of Cancer

Staging is the procedure to describe the size and severity of cancer; it is the foundational stone for cancer treatment where doctors diagnose the patient by carrying out several tests to acknowledge how far the abnormal cells have penetrated in the body.
The number system is the most prevailing method of categorizing cancer:-

Stage 0: This is the warning stage where cancer has found its origin but does not affect other body parts.

Stage I: In this stage, cancer is relatively small and is concise within the organ.

Stage II: Larger than the previous state but not yet transported to surrounding tissues.

Stage III: A stage where cancer starts to spread deep into supportive tissues and cells; this stage indicates that cancer has extended to the lymph nodes.

Stage IV: Advanced and final stage of cancer where the decayed cells take full control of the body.

Cancer Treatment Options

Radiation Therapy: Radiation therapy for cancer treatment is taken into consideration when the patient is at stage I of cancer. In this therapy, ionizing radiation is used to destroy the cancer cells and restrain it from growing further.

Hormone Therapy: In this form of cancer treatment, hormones of respective patients are used to slow down the growth of decayed cells in their body. Hormone Therapy is mainly used in breast and cervical cancer.

Chemotherapy: One of the most effective tumor treatments, chemotherapy uses anti-cancer drug cells that circulates through the body via bloodstream and damages the cells until it is completely eradicated from the body.

Immunotherapy: A part of oncology treatment where the immune system (lymph glands, white blood cells, and spleen) of the patient is used to fight cancer. Immune system detects and attacks the abnormal cells. Immunotherapy can be conducted alone or along with other cancer treatments.

Cancer is the second leading cause of death worldwide, but with the rage of latest technologies and better medical facilities, the taboo of this disease has been broken and there is a massive rise in cancer recovery rates worldwide. And India has carved out a distant niche for itself, by leveraging its existing strengths and thereby offering a unique value proposition for better cancer treatment and is witnessing the much-needed hype in the accommodation of foreign cancer patients. IMT being the primary medical service provider to this country offers a seamless medical experience and comprehensive cancer care treatment in India. Check out our contact page and call us now.