Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) / Heart Bypass


Heart surgery is a procedure which is performed to replace damaged arteries that are responsible for proper blood supply to your heart muscles. The need for this operation becomes dire when the coronary arteries are damaged or blocked. And, when these arteries are damaged and the blood flow is restricted, it hampers the functioning of the heart. This improper function can result in heart failure.

Types of CABG Surgery

Depending on how many arteries are damaged, the doctor may recommend the following types of heart bypass surgery.
When only one artery is blocked – Single bypass
When two arteries are damaged – Double bypass
When three arteries are damaged – Triple bypass
When all four arteries are damaged – Quadruple bypass
Also, the risk of having a heart failure, cardiac arrest, and other heart issues depend on the number of failed arteries. Blockage in more than one artery also means that the surgery is going to be longer and more complex.

Who Might Need Heart Bypass Surgery?

When plaque builds up on the sides of the artery walls, the flow of blood reduces to the heart muscles. This tends to exhaust the muscles due to lack of enough blood supply which results in heart failure.
Generally, doctors recommend bypass surgery when the coronary arteries are completely blocked and treatment with medication or other forms of treatment is not possible. Cardiologists along with a widespread team of doctors identify the need for this open-heart surgery. However, some medical conditions can make the procedure complicated or eliminate the possibilities altogether. Below are some conditions that might cause complications:-

Peripheral arterial disease (PAD)

Preparing for Heart Bypass Surgery

After discussion with your team of doctors, if coronary artery bypass graft is necessary in your case, you will be provided with a comprehensive list of instructions on how you can prepare for the surgery. If the heart surgery isn’t performed as an emergency case, you are likely to have several appointments to recognize you and your family’s medical history in a detailed manner. You will be undergoing various tests so that the doctor can get the precise result of your current condition. Some of the tests may include chest X-ray, blood tests, angiogram, electrocardiogram (ECG), etc.

The Recovery Process of CABG Surgery

Post-surgery, you are likely to deal with some side effects like pain, short-term memory loss, disorientation, etc. If these side effects last for a prolonged period of time, ensure that you inform your doctor about it. You have to stay in the hospital for minimum 7 days and when you will be discharged, a set of instruction will be provided that you must adhere to in order to recuperate in a timely manner. This may include taking proper care of wounds, avoiding physical activity, getting plenty of rest, etc.

Typically, it takes minimum 6 to 12 weeks for your breastbone to heal and recover from a normal surgery. During this time, you must completely avoid any heavy exertion, driving, and lifting anything above 10 pounds without consulting your doctor. You can also join various cardiac rehabilitation programs where your physical activities are regularly monitored and occasional stress tests are performed to evaluate how much the heart has healed.

Owing to the advanced development in the medical sphere, India today touts itself as a country that is equipped with latest medical resources and experienced and proficient staff. This makes the nation one of the best options for complicated surgeries like coronary artery bypass graft surgery. IMT is one of the prominent establishments that carry the prowess in offering international medical tourism services. If you also wish to render our services, check out or service page and contact us.